Biography of Nathaniel Hawthorne Nathaniel HawthorneAmerican author wrote the Gothic Romance The Scarlet Letter ; In a moment, however, wisely judging that one token of her shame would but poorly serve to hide another, she took the baby on her arm, and with a burning blush, and yet a haughty smile, and a glance that would not be abashed, looked around at her townspeople and neighbours. On the breast of her gown, in fine red cloth, surrounded with an elaborate embroidery and fantastic flourishes of gold thread, appeared the letter A. The Scarlet Letter achieved much critical acclaim for Hawthorne.
Plot[ edit ] I went to the woods because I wished to live deliberately, to front only the essential facts of life, and see if I could not learn what it had to teach, and not, when I came to die, discover that I had not lived. I did not wish to live what was not life, living is so dear; nor did I wish to practice resignation, unless it was quite necessary.
I wanted to live deep and suck out all the marrow of life, to live so sturdily and Spartan-like as to put to rout all that was not life, to cut a broad swath and shave close, to drive life into a corner, and reduce it to its lowest terms, and, if it proved to be mean, why then to get the whole and genuine meanness of it, and publish its meanness to the world; or if it were sublime, to know it by experience, and be able to give a true account of it in my next excursion.
Readers are reminded that at the time of publication, Thoreau is back to living among the civilized again.
The book is separated into specific chapters, each of which focuses on specific themes: In this first and longest chapter, Thoreau outlines his project: He easily supplies the four necessities of life food, shelter, clothing, and fuel with the help of family and friends, particularly his mother, his best friend, and Mr.
The latter provided Thoreau with a work exchange -— he could build a small house and plant a garden if he cleared some land on the woodlot and did other chores while there. The poem criticizes those who think that their poverty gives them unearned moral and intellectual superiority.
Much attention is devoted to the skepticism and wonderment with which townspeople greeted both him and his project as he tries to protect his views from those of the townspeople who seem to view society as the only place to live.
He recounts the reasons for his move to Walden Pond along with detailed steps back to the construction of his new home methods, support, etc. Thoreau recollects thoughts of places he stayed at before selecting Walden Pond, and quotes Roman Philosopher Cato 's advice "consider buying a farm very carefully before signing the papers.
Thoreau takes to the woods dreaming of an existence free of obligations and full of leisure. He announces that he resides far from social relationships that mail represents post office and the majority of the chapter focuses on his thoughts while constructing and living in his new home at Walden.
Thoreau discusses the benefits of classical literaturepreferably in the original Greek or Latinand bemoans the lack of sophistication in Concord evident in the popularity of unsophisticated literature.
He also loved to read books by world travelers. Thoreau encourages the reader to be "forever on the alert" and "looking always at what is to be seen.
In addition to self-development, an advantage of developing one's perceptiveness is its tendency to alleviate boredom. Rather than "look abroad for amusement, to society and the theatre", Thoreau's own life, including supposedly dull pastimes like housework, becomes a source of amusement that "never ceases to be novel.
Thoreau reflects on the feeling of solitude. He explains how loneliness can occur even amid companions if one's heart is not open to them. Thoreau meditates on the pleasures of escaping society and the petty things that society entails gossip, fights, etc.
He also reflects on his new companion, an old settler who arrives nearby and an old woman with great memory "memory runs back farther than mythology".
Thoreau talks about how he enjoys companionship despite his love for solitude and always leaves three chairs ready for visitors.
The entire chapter focuses on the coming and going of visitors, and how he has more comers in Walden than he did in the city. Thoreau then reflects on the women and children who seem to enjoy the pond more than men, and how men are limited because their lives are taken up.Ralph Waldo Emerson (—) In his lifetime, Ralph Waldo Emerson became the most widely known man of letters in America, establishing himself as a prolific poet, essayist, popular lecturer, and an advocate of social reforms who was nevertheless suspicious of reform and reformers.
Electronic books on line that you can download and read at your leisure. Spiritualist books, Mediums books, Mediumship books to download.
If any books are in a pdf file format, click onto any of the following links to get the latest free read only download from Adobe, who have designed the file format. Ralph Waldo Emerson (—) In his lifetime, Ralph Waldo Emerson became the most widely known man of letters in America, establishing himself as a prolific poet, essayist, popular lecturer, and an advocate of social reforms who was nevertheless suspicious of reform and reformers.
Walt Whitman was an American poet who wrote the groundbreaking collection 'Leaves of Grass.' Find out more about his life and career at leslutinsduphoenix.com Hawthorne was friends with and neighbor for a time to some of New England’s finest intellectuals including Amos Bronson Alcott and his daughter Louisa May Alcott, Henry David Thoreau, and Ralph Waldo Emerson who was also prominent in the Transcendentalist movement.
It was a tumultuous time to live in America: Hawthorne was troubled when the American Civil War broke out a few years . Hawthorne was friends with and neighbor for a time to some of New England’s finest intellectuals including Amos Bronson Alcott and his daughter Louisa May Alcott, Henry David Thoreau, and Ralph Waldo Emerson who was also prominent in the Transcendentalist movement.
It was a tumultuous time to live in America: Hawthorne was troubled when the American .