Aloysius Academy for Boysa Catholic boarding school in the Riverdale section of the Bronx, where he found his only solace in books.
Wildernessand The Iceman Cometh His mother, Ella, accompanied her husband A biography of eugene o neill an american playwright and forth across the country, settling down only briefly for the birth of her first son, James, Jr. Eugene, who was born in a hotel, spent his early childhood in hotel rooms, on trains, and backstage.
He attended Princeton University for one yearafter which he left school to begin what he later regarded as his real education in "life experience. Recovering briefly at the age of 24, he held a job for a few months as a reporter and contributor to the poetry column of the New London Telegraph but soon came down with tuberculosis.
A theatre critic persuaded his father to send him to Harvard to study with George Pierce Baker in his famous playwriting course. In their tiny, ramshackle playhouse on a wharf, they produced his one-act sea play Bound East for Cardiff. Their first bill, on Nov.
By the time his first full-length play, Beyond the Horizon, was produced on Broadway, Feb. Between and he completed 20 long plays--several of them double and triple length--and a number of shorter ones.
He wrote and rewrote many of his manuscripts half a dozen times before he was satisfied, and he filled shelves of notebooks with research notes, outlines, play ideas, and other memoranda.
His most-distinguished short plays include the four early sea plays, Bound East for Cardiff, In the Zone, The Long Voyage Home, and The Moon of the Caribbees, which were written between and and produced in under the overall title S.
Glencairn; The Emperor Jones about the disintegration of a Pullman porter turned tropical-island dictator ; and The Hairy Ape about the disintegration of a displaced steamship coal stoker.
Among his most-celebrated long plays is Anna Christie, perhaps the classic American example of the ancient "harlot with a heart of gold" theme; it became an instant popular success.
He himself disliked it from the moment he finished it, for, in his words, it had been "too easy. This story of a lustful father, a weak son, and an adulterous wife who murders her infant son was told with a fine disregard for the conventions of the contemporary Broadway theatre.
Because of the sparseness of its style, its avoidance of melodrama, and its total honesty of emotion, the play was acclaimed immediately as a powerful tragedy and has continued to rank among the great American plays of the 20th century.
Although the play was too metaphysically intricate to be staged successfully init was significant for its symbolic use of masks and for the experimentation with expressionistic dialogue and action--devices that since have become commonly accepted both on the stage and in motion pictures.
In spite of its confusing structure, the play is rich in symbolism and poetry, as well as in daring technique, and it became a forerunner of avant-garde movements in American theatre.
|Early life||See Article History Alternative Title: Wildernessand The Iceman Cometh|
This play was revolutionary in style and length: The play is the saga of Everywoman, who ritualistically acts out her roles as daughter, wife, mistress, mother, and platonic friend. Although it was innovative and startling inits obvious Freudian overtones have rapidly dated the work.
Based on the Oresteia trilogy by Aeschylus, it was itself three plays in one. Dealing with the growing pains of a sensitive, adolescent boy, Ah, Wilderness! It is straightforward in style but shattering in its depiction of the agonized relations between father, mother, and two sons.
Spanning one day in the life of a family, the play strips away layer after layer from each of the four central figures, revealing the mother as a defeated drug addict, the father as a man frustrated in his career and failed as a husband and father, the older son as a bitter alcoholic, and the younger son as a tubercular, disillusioned youth with only the slenderest chance for physical and spiritual survival.
In the late s he conceived of a cycle of 11 plays, to be performed on 11 consecutive nights, tracing the lives of an American family from the early s to modern times. He wrote scenarios and outlines for several of the plays and drafts of others but completed only one in the cycle--A Touch of the Poet--before a crippling illness ended his ability to hold a pencil.
Unable to work, he longed for his death and sat waiting for it in a Boston hotel, seeing no one except his doctor, a nurse, and his third wife, Carlotta Monterey. Through his efforts, the American theatre grew up during the s, developing into a cultural medium that could take its place with the best in American fiction, painting, and music.
Until his Beyond the Horizon was produced, inBroadway theatrical fare, apart from musicals and an occasional European import of quality, had consisted largely of contrived melodrama and farce.
Imbued with the tragic sense of life, he aimed for a contemporary drama that had its roots in the most powerful of ancient Greek tragedies--a drama that could rise to the emotional heights of Shakespeare.Eugene Gladstone O'Neill was born on October 16, , in a New York City hotel.
He was the youngest of the three children of James O'Neill, an outstanding romantic actor, and Ella Quinlan O'Neill. Eugene had two brothers, James, Jr. (born ), and Edmund (born ).
Eugene O’Neill was one of the greatest playwrights in American history. Through his experimental and emotionally probing dramas, he addressed the difficulties of human society with a deep. O'Neill died as broken and tragic a figure as any he had created for the stage. Assessment. O'Neill was the first American dramatist to regard the stage as a literary medium and the only American playwright ever to receive the Nobel Prize for Literature.
Eugene Gladstone O'Neill (October 16, – November 27, ) was an American playwright and Nobel laureate in Literature. His poetically titled plays were among the first to introduce into U.S.
drama techniques of realism earlier associated with Russian playwright Anton Chekhov, Norwegian playwright Henrik Ibsen, and Swedish playwright August Strindberg. Eugene O'Neill was an American playwright and Nobel Laureate in Literature.
His autobiographic masterpiece, A Long Day's Journey Into Night is widely regarded as one of the greatest American plays of all time.
O’Neill was born in New York City in He had a challenging childhood and this was reflected in the tragic nature of his plays. Eugene O'Neill was the first American dramatist to regard the stage as a literary medium and the first U.S.
playwright to receive the Nobel Prize for leslutinsduphoenix.com: Oct 16,