Send email to admin eh. The thirteen American colonies were one part of a global empire generated by the British in a series of colonial wars beginning in the late seventeenth century and continuing on to the mid eighteenth century.
Print This Article There can be no doubt that taxation without proper representation set the stage for the Declaration of Independence and the American Revolutionary War.
Bytaxes were intolerable in Britain and still rising.
Previous advisors to the king avoided the issue of taxing the colonies because it was unpopular on both sides of the Atlantic. But during the next four years, the British Parliament began passing laws to raise money through taxing the American colonists. These laws caused severe financial hardships in the colonies and began to engender anger toward the British government.
Four acts instituted during this period can be seen as the prelude to the inevitable revolt that would follow. The Sugar Act The Sugar Act placed a tax on molasses, sugar, and other products imported into the American colonies from places outside the British Empire.
A similar law, called the Molasses Act, had been passed inbut the people had not obeyed for two reasons: The taxes were too high. The British government did not try very hard to enforce it. Any time a government does not enforce a law, people start ignoring it.
In this case, the colonists openly turned to smuggling—bringing in sugar and molasses secretly to avoid paying the tax.
By not enforcing its laws, Britain allowed the colonists to get used to running their own affairs. The British Parliament became determined to enforce the new sugar act of When the British suddenly stiffened enforcement of the law, the colonists resented it. The British used naval patrols and royal inspectors to search colonial warehouses and even private residences, thus angering the colonists further.
The British even offered to share the taxes with any citizen who reported friends or neighbors who were smuggling. If the person was found guilty, the police who arrested the smuggler and the judge who found him guilty could also receive a large reward.
The result of this was difficulty for someone accused of smuggling to get a fair trial. Many colonists became deeply angered by this unfair system. The Currency Act Not long after passage of the Sugar Act, Parliament enacted another new law—a law which would plunge the colonies into financial depression.
Businesses had been expanding quickly in the colonies. Small fortunes were already being made as the colonists begin to develop the bountiful eastern half of North America.
Shipbuilding was already a big industry. Colonial shipyards were building one-third of all the merchant vessels sailing under the British flag. To make business easier to pursue, the colonies created their own paper money. It was called colonial scrip. It was money issued by colonial governments for the benefit of the people in general.
To prevent this, the British Parliament passed the Currency Act of This made colonial scrip illegal and forced the colonists to exchange it for British money, issued by the Bank of England. To make matters worse, the British only gave the colonists one Bank of England note for every two notes of colonial scrip.
The Americans had to pay twice the price for all the British products they bought. Cutting the money supply to the colonies in half caused tremendous financial problems.
Concerning the Act, Franklin wrote: The first of these, the Quartering Act, made the colonies provide barracks and supplies to house or quarter British troops stationed in America. Most Americans believed that the British Army was present just to keep the Americans in line, so the Quartering Act was deeply resented by many.
The Stamp Act For years, the British government had taxed her citizens for all kinds of official paperwork.
InParliament passed similar laws in America which taxed licenses, college diplomas, playing cards, advertisements, newspapers, and legal documents such as deeds to lands or mortgages on property. The Act derived its name from the stamp which was put on the documents or materials to show the tax had been paid.
Americans erupted in anger.This was a major part towards the Revolutionary War. Winning the French and Indian War cost Britain lots of money.
The Parliament decided that the best way to earn money was to tax the colonists. The an analysis of the process of taxation during the revolutionary war North American theater. An analysis of the university costs in the united states expandable an analysis of the three beautiful scenes in the nature sky forest and the ocean statement that sudden contrast?
During the war George Washington and his army spent almost half the Revolutionary War in New Jersey. From the year to New Jersey was a battle field to many important battles.
For this reason New Jersey was named the cross roads of the American Revolution. 1. Taxation is considered an important cause of the French Revolution.
The accepted view is during the s, France’s taxation regime became excessive, inefficient and unfair. 2. The Civil War represented a watershed moment in the history of American taxation.
The quick, limited engagement both sides confidently predicted soon proved a chimera.
Instead, the exigencies of protracted, destructive warfare engulfing private property and civilian populations as well as.
During the Revolutionary era the role of women, African Americans and Native of taxation and representation, particularly those associated with the Stamp Act Crisis (), from a variety of perspectives and to appreciate the diversity of Focus on Boston causes of the American Revolution..
The American. 4. S. A MERICAN.