Western Conceptions of the Orient Penguin [rev. Imaginative Geography and Its Representations: Orientalising the Oriental Strictly speaking, Orientalism is a field of learned study. Yet any account of Orientalism would have to consider not only the professional Orientalist and his work but also the very notion of a field of study based on a geographical, cultural, linguistic, and ethnic unit called the Orient.
Friedrich Nietzsche 1 We will have achieved much for the study of aesthetics when we come, not merely to a logical understanding, but also to the immediately certain apprehension of the fact that the further development of art is bound up with the duality of the Apollonian and the Dionysian, just as reproduction depends upon the duality of the sexes, their continuing strife and only periodically occurring reconciliation.
We take these names from the Greeks who gave a clear voice to the profound secret teachings of their contemplative art, not in ideas, but in the powerfully clear forms of their divine world. With those two gods of art, Apollo and Dionysus, we link our recognition that in the Greek world there exists a huge contrast, in origins and purposes, between visual plastic arts, the Apollonian, and the non-visual art of music, the Dionysian.
In order to get closer to these two instinctual drives, let us think of them next as the separate artistic worlds of dreams and of intoxication, physiological phenomena between which we can observe an opposition corresponding to the one between the Apollonian and the Dionysian.
According to the ideas of Lucretius, the marvelous divine shapes first appeared to the mind of man in a dream. It was in a dream that the great artist saw the delightful anatomy of superhuman existence, and the Hellenic poet, questioned about the secrets of poetic creativity, would have recalled his dreams and given an explanation exactly similar to the one Hans Sachs provides in Die Meistersinger.
Believe me, the truest illusion of mankind Is revealed to him in dreams: All poetic art and poeticizing Is nothing but interpreting true dreams. The beautiful appearance of the world of dreams, in whose creation each man is a complete artist, is the condition of all plastic art, indeed, as we shall see, an important half of poetry.
We enjoy the form with an immediate understanding, all shapes speak to us, nothing is indifferent and unnecessary.
For all the very intense life of these dream realities, we nevertheless have the thoroughly disagreeable sense of their illusory quality. At least that is my experience.
For their frequency, even normality, I can point to many witnesses and the utterances of poets.
Even the philosophical man has the presentiment that this reality in which we live and have our being is an illusion, that under it lies hidden a second quite different reality. And Schopenhauer specifically designates as the trademark of philosophical talent the ability to recognize at certain times that human beings and all things are mere phantoms or dream pictures.
Now, just as the philosopher behaves in relation to the reality of existence, so the artistically excitable man behaves in relation to the reality of dreams. He looks at them precisely and with pleasure, for from these pictures he fashions his interpretation of life; from these events he rehearses his life.
This is not merely a case of agreeable and friendly images which he experiences with a complete understanding. And perhaps several people remember, like me, amid the dangers and terrors of a dream, successfully cheering themselves up by shouting: I want to dream it some more!
These facts are clear evidence showing that our innermost beings, the secret underground in all of us, experiences its dreams with deep enjoyment, as a delightful necessity.
The Greeks expressed this joyful necessity of the dream experience in their god Apollo, who, as god of all the plastic arts, is at the same time the god of prophecy. In accordance with the root meaning of his association with brightness, he is the god of light.
He also rules over the beautiful appearance of the inner fantasy world. The higher truth, the perfection of this condition in contrast to the sketchy understanding of our daily reality, as well as the deep consciousness of a healing and helping nature in sleep and dreaming, is the symbolic analogy to the capacity to prophesy the truth, as well as to art in general, through which life is made possible and worth living.
His eye must be sun-like, in keeping with his origin.My Core Convictions: Nonviolence and the Christian Faith.
Contents. Part I: First Principles-- Theses presented in paragraph format: 1 Evangelical Anthropology as a Necessary Complement to Theology; 2 God is Love; 3 Mimetic Desire and the Two Ways: Love or Resentment; 4 Falling into the Way of Satan; 5 Satan Casting out Satan and Apocalypse (); 6 The Biblical Story as the Story of God Saving.
leslutinsduphoenix.com: On the Good Life (Penguin Classics) (): Marcus Tullius Cicero, Michael Grant: Books.
|An encyclopedia of philosophy articles written by professional philosophers.||Woman opens tempting-looking box and unleashes evil upon the world. All the valuable blessings inside were lost just because she opened the box for the first time.|
|Apollo versus Dionysus||The tragedies of Euripides test the Sophoclean norm in this direction.|
|But this is a battle we the people can win||Otto might well say, indeed, that Goodman does simply what we expect to be done in the moral tradition of religious Israel, rendering God increasingly comforting, reasonable, just, and loving. Yet numinosity, as something rather different, and God's own contrary personality, continue to peek out.|
|My Core Convictions||First Principles 1 My choice for the most succinct summary of the Gospel is the one which opens the First Letter of John: Only in Jesus Christ do we receive a full revelation of God such that we can finally embrace "that God is light and in God there is no darkness at all.|
Strictly speaking, Orientalism is a field of learned study. In the Christian West, Orientalism is considered to have commenced its formal existence with the decision of the Church Council of  Vienne in to establish a series of chairs in.
Rudolf Otto () Using Jakob Fries's epistemological scheme of Wissen, Glaube, and Ahndung, "Understanding, Belief, and Aesthetic Sense," (to use Kent Richter's translation), Ruldolf Otto expands the meaning of Ahndung beyond the merely aesthetic by introducing the category of numinosity, which is the quality of sacred or holy objects, persons, or experiences in religion.
Blaise Pascal (–) Blaise Pascal was a French philosopher, mathematician, scientist, inventor, and theologian. In mathematics, he was an early pioneer in . OUTRAGE: NAFTA "renewal" forces year copyright extensions on Canadians -- your government talked big, but capitulated to the White House tyrant -- they had no mandate whatsoever for this giveaway But this is a battle we the people can win -- no provincial government publicly supports the deal.