Personal use only; commercial use is strictly prohibited. Though the movement lost the public spotlight after the s, it remained robust, building a network of separate churches, denominations, and schools that would become instrumental in the resurgence of conservative evangelicalism after the s. In a larger sense, fundamentalism is a form of militant opposition to the modern world, used by some scholars to identify morally absolutist religious and political movements in Islam, Judaism, Christianity, and even Hinduism and Buddhism. While the core concerns of the movement that emerged within American Protestantism—defending the authority of the Bible and both separating from and saving their sinful world—do not entirely mesh with this analytical framework, they do reflect the broad and complex challenge posed by modernity to people of faith.
In addition, a man is given the right to beat his disobedient wife until she obeys Sura 4: According the Quran, "Men are in charge Christian fundamentalism incomplete essay women, because Allah has made some of them to excel others Here are six translations of Sura 4: An example of Muhammad himself beating his wife is documented in the Sahih Muslim Hadith, number Note, the Arabic word for beat is the same word as how you would treat a slave or a camel.
Of note, a Sura conveniently appeared to give Muhammad an exception to the 4-wife rule Sura One of his wives was six years old when he married her, but nine years old when he consummated his marriage with her.
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|Faith Facts Update||Progressivism in philosophy and politics[ edit ] From the Enlightenment to the Industrial Revolution[ edit ] Immanuel Kant identified progress as being a movement away from barbarism towards civilization. Karl Marx applied to his writings the Hegelian conception of linear-progressive history, the modernization of the economy through industrialization and criticisms of the social class structure of industrial capitalist societies.|
|Christology||The Bible And Christianity - The Historical Origins A rational, secular, historical perspective on the history of Christianity and its scripture An essay by Scott Bidstrup "If the truth is that ugly -- which it is -- then we do have to be careful about the way that we tell the truth. But to somehow say that telling the truth should be avoided because people may respond badly to the truth seems bizarre to me.|
This relationship with Aisha could be the basis for charges of pedophilia in non-Muslim cultures. He arranged for his adopted son Zaid to divorce Zainab so he could marry her.
The divorce was prompted by the prophet's admiration for Zainab's beauty. Faced with the refusal of Zaid to dissolve his marriage, Muhammad had another convenient revelation from Allah, which not only commanded Zaid to give up his wife to Muhammad, but also decreed that there was no evil in a father-in-law taking his daughter-in-law away from his own adopted son Sura Is this how husbands should think of their wives?
Is this an example of the perfect divinely inspired revealed truth dictated from Allah to Muhammad? Men are superior to women in Islamic teaching. English translations vary considerably here.
For example, in 4: In Islamic law, a woman's testimony is worth half that of men because the female mind is considered deficient Sura 2: Women are only entitled to inherit half of what men do Sura 4: Prostitution is common in some Muslim countries, especially Africa.
Some Muslims justify prostitution by marrying the woman for the night, which seems to be okay as long as they stay within the limit of four wives at one time. Prostitution may be partly a result of the attitude in Muslim societies that men can do whatever they want, while women have limited rights.
Genital mutilation of women is a widespread practice in Muslim countries. See the link at the bottom of the article entitled "Islamic Sexuality. According to a reliable witness we personally know who grew up in Pakistan, rape is not prosecuted even today in the Muslim world in some circumstances, especially if the victim is a non-Muslim.
Apparently at least some Muslims consider these passages as giving permission to rape. See organized gang rape. Interestingly, Islam teaches that the majority of people in hell are women Bukhari 1. According to the prophet of Islam, "I looked at Paradise and found poor people forming the majority of its inhabitants; and I looked at Hell and saw that the majority of its inhabitants were women.
Fundamentalist Christianity condones none of the above abuses of women. While Old Testament figures had multiple wives, this is seen as sinful behavior. Jesus insisted on the sanctity of marriage with one woman Mark Two books of the Old Testament are named for and are about women. While the Bible teaches different roles for women than for men, the New Testament elevates women in many ways.
In this same way, husbands ought to love their wives as their own bodies. He who loves his wife loves himself. For evidence of mistreatment of women in modern Islamic societies see Egypt.IN WATCHING the flow of events over the past decade or so, it is hard to avoid the feeling that something very fundamental has happened in world history.
Five Things Christian Fundamentalists Just Don't Get I understand the fun that Sam Harris and Reddit have destroying fundamentalism, and I went to a Christian college and had jolly good time.
Christian fundamentalism began in the late 19th and early 20th centuries among British and American Protestants as a reaction to theological liberalism and cultural modernism. Fundamentalists argued that 19th-century modernist theologians had misinterpreted or rejected certain doctrines.
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How Do You Define Christian Fundamentalism? Prejudice, Discrimination, and Racism ; How Do You Define Christian Fundamentalism?
Prejudice, Discrimination, and Racism. Words 12 Pages. Show More. Prejudice, Stereotyping and Discrimination on the Web Essay examples. The Bible is a lot of things to a lot of people, but to Christians, especially, it is a source of inspiration and a guide to daily living.. To others, the Bible is a historical document and a source of controversy.
To others still, the Bible is a self-contradictory mish-mash of arcane rules and proscriptions, mostly relevant to long-dead cultures in far away places.