Hire Writer Members of a group converge their opinions without objective analysis Brown, This results in no consultations as outer groups are seen as enemies. They also feel to be infallible. A failed system is thus likely to emerge due to groupthink.
Groupthink is a tendency for decision-making groups to suppress opposing viewpoints in order to preserve group harmony. Although groupthink involves restricting opinions, it is not actively and intentionally pursued. Instead, groupthink is a psychological tendency to unintentionally reduce opposition in hopes of reducing tension, increasing cohesion, and quickly reaching a decision.
Groupthink can also be viewed as a form of peer pressure exerted by majority leaders on those team members that are less willing to conform. Reasons Groupthink Occurs There are many reasons that groupthink is prevalent among decision-making teams.
Individual team members experience the need for approval from other team members, which is supported by the common human desire of acceptance.
By suppressing contradicting views, a team member is able to reduce conflictwhich leads to an enhanced perception of self worth. The main purpose of teams is to achieve a common goal, and anything that interferes with successfully achieving the goal is avoided at all costs.
A group of individuals often want to minimize conflict between team members in order to maintain a pleasant environment, and the most common instigator of conflict is disagreement. Teams often have a limited number of resources and time to achieve a goal, which makes teams look for any way to reach a consensus while preserving resources and time.
Ways Groupthink Leads to Team Failure When considering what groupthink is and why it occurs, it is easy to identify how groupthink can lead to team failure. The two most obvious ways include conformity and submission.
This leads to team failure in two significant ways.
First, the team becomes very one-sided and close-minded, which limits the ability to forecast potential problems and thoroughly evaluate necessary solutions. Second, conformity reduces the individuality and diversity necessary for effective teamwork.
When a team member suppresses his or her own opinions to preserve group harmony, the team member is being peer pressured into submission. Submission negatively influences team success by creating an atmosphere of dominance rather than mutual accountability and teamwork, which is necessary for teams to be successful and thrive.
Second, submission leads to individual feelings of worthlessness and apathy toward team goals, which can be detrimental to team spirit, cooperative engagements, and overall workplace and employee satisfaction. When a group is unable to healthily consider minority viewpoints, the team eventually becomes dysfunctional and cannot effectively complete the decision-making process, which includes weighing alternative solutions in hopes of choosing the best option.
This suppression of opposing viewpoints eventually leads to irrational and unsound decisions, which tend to be more extreme, radical, and dangerous to the functionality, well-being, and longevity of the team.
How to Minimize the Occurrence of Groupthink Since groupthink is not an active an intentional process, it is critical for managers and project leaders to identify proactive ways to decrease the likelihood that a team, regardless of sizewill succumb to the tendency for groupthink.
The following ideas are not guaranteed to eliminate groupthink; however, these recommendations surely decrease the likelihood that groupthink will occur, and can decrease the severity of groupthink, when it does occur. Appoint multiple, and diverse, team leaders to ensure the acceptance of a wide variety of viewpoints and opinions during any discussions.
Team leaders should not state any expectations or preferences before a discussion begins to reduce the effect of priming on the decision-making process. Team leaders should reiterate the importance of each member contributing to the discussion in a substantive manner and critically evaluating all suggestions, regardless of initial feelings of reservation.
Encourage individuality to foster diversity appreciation and increase diversity awareness among team members. Encourage equality and open communication policies. Appoint a third-party non-memberto oversee the discussion, purpose any alternative opinions or suggestions, and to identify any issues that might be unintentionally suppressed or avoided by team members.
Identify activities that can increase cohesion and encourage trust among team members. Set realistic timelines and goals to avoid teams feeling the pressure of limited time and resources.Mar 06, · Research shows that teams make better decisions, but team decision making can be challenging.
The next time your team makes a decision, keep the effects of personality in mind.
Groupthink and its impact on decision making 1. And its impact on decision making Presentation by: Iman leslutinsduphoenix.com Rawda Hassan Dai Rowida A.
Abd/ALrahman. Colman() in a dictionary of psychology defines groupthink as “ a collective pattern of defensive avoidance, characteristic of a group decision making in organisations in which group members develop rationalisations in supporting illusions of their own infallibility and invulnerability within the organisation.
Groupthink can also promote needed "buy in" by promoting a united front once the decision-making process is complete and implementation begins. Leaders often inspire groupthink in the form of.
Janis lays out eight prominent symptoms of groupthink in his two works Victims of Groupthink: A Psychological Study of Foreign-Policy Decisions and Fiascoes () and Groupthink (). The first symptom occurs when the group develops a false sense of imperviousness which then leads to more risky decision making.
How the Individual’s Groupthink Tendencies can Affect Innovation. By: Susanna Bill. In: lack of an impartial leader and extreme external threats play into the likelihood of whether or not groupthink will impact the decision-making process.
The primary consequence of groupthink is the loss of individual creativity, uniqueness, and.