Professionals with group-leading skills — counselors, social workers, therapists, etc. Teachers Health professionals and health educators Respected community members. These folks may be respected for their leadership — president of the Rotary Club, spokesperson for an environmental movement — for their positions in the community — bank president, clergyman — or simply for their personal qualities — integrity, fairness, ability to communicate with all sectors of the community.
The guidelines—all Mom and Apple Pie—were handed down by a new boss for the team to follow. Modeling behavior, engaging the group in discussion about patterns of interaction, yes. Coming in with the rules like a kindergarten teacher—not so much.
See my post For Managers: But the post got me thinking about how team values are developed.
How team values are developed Teams develop values and norms whether they are paying attention to them or not. Teams build up a pattern of interaction and implicit understandings of what people can do, should do, should not do, must and must not do in various situations.
Often, the patterns form without much thinking about the implications. Team norms form around where people sit in meetings, or acceptable late arrival, and whether someone should bring cookies on Tuesdays.
Effective teams have a shared approach to work though not a rigid process. When a team develops agreements, it helps to know what they are trying to accomplish, because different sorts of agreements serve different purposes. Reaching collaboration and high performance is possible without explicit agreements.
Teams should focus on the following areas when trying to clarify and solidify their values and attitudes: Team Values …are statements of what is important.
Team values may guide behavior, but are not, in themselves, actionable. Balance work and life. But pay attention to what really happens.
Team Norms …are informal, often implicit standards of behavior that develop from the interactions of the group. Ground Rules …are statements of expected behavior for specific times, places, and situations. Working Agreements …are protocols that the group develops and agrees to follow.
The protocols aim to forge commitment and a shared approach that will help the team meet their goal. Simple Rules can generalize across many situations, and make values actionable.
Simple Rules aim to bring coherence across the organization. Use every failure as an opportunity to learn. How to put these to use All of these represent social contracts between team members.
Effective teams use all of these tools to create a pattern of interaction and results that enhance their ability to reach goals and improve quality of both work life and results. These team agreements each serve a different purpose. Some teams find it useful to have both simple rules which help make values actionable and working agreements which address specific practices.
For both simple rules and working agreements, the list should be… focused on amplifying desired patterns of behavior aimed at helping the team achieve their task and team-work goals generalizable minimum specifications short:Social roles are the part people play as members of a social group.
With each social role you adopt, your behavior changes to fit the expectations both you and others have of that role.
In the words of William Shakespeare:Author: Saul Mcleod. In a work team, work is decided upon by the group leader, whereas in the work group it is decided upon by group members. c. Work groups have their own specific purpose, while the purpose of a work team is the same as that of the organizations.
Talk Science Primer including whole class, small group, or pair or partner discussions. Through talk, teachers Facilitating a group discussion takes work, but there is good news here.
These talk moves are remarkably helpful tools for mak-ing discussions effective. You can keep them. It’s part of being in group of humans. Often, the patterns form without much thinking about the implications.
Team norms form around where people sit in meetings, or acceptable late arrival, and whether someone should bring cookies on Tuesdays.
Group rules and norms [any generic templates here?], which may be provided to members for review or included as part of a written contract. Certain group protocols and processes must be in place for effective group work, such as. A Method for Helping Students Create Their Own Ground Rules 1. Ask students to think about the best group discussions they have been a part of, and reflect on.