Refer to their work When referring to another author's work, include their name and year in brackets. In a recent study Handy, management is described as If you are quoting another author's work, you will need to include a page number.
Using Harvard General rules for in-text references Use in-text references to acknowledge each author or source of information print or online used within your writing either by paraphrasing or using a direct quote.
In-text reference details include the author s family name or company or organisation name, if the author is a company or organisation and year of publication, with extra information if required, such as page numbers.
Use the full word 'and' when mentioning an author s in a sentence. Lewis and Lewis When a work has two or three authors, always list all author s names every time the reference occurs in the text. When a work has four or more authors, list the first author s name followed by et al.
If the author of a reference is unknown, list the reference based on the title of the work.
If the publication date of a reference is unknown, use n. Direct quote A direct quote is when you are using the exact words of the author s.
Do not overuse direct quotes. Put direct quotes between single inverted commas quotation marksand add a page number. If no page number is available, include the location of the quote using a paragraph number or section heading.
The word paragraph can be abbreviated to para. If you omit words from a direct quote, you will need to add a space followed by three ellipsis dots An in-text reference can be inserted at the beginning, middle or end of a sentence. Beginning of a sentence Cannonp. Middle of a sentence In a post about the emotions involved in undertaking a literature review, the Thesis Whisperpara.
Block quotations Quotes of more than 30 words in length are known as block quotations. Block quotes need to start on a new line, be indented from the text margin and set in smaller text size without single inverted commas quotation marks.
At the end of the quote, include the reference details such as author name, year and page number s in parentheses. Khoo's PhD research project in the area of architecture investigated: Paraphrasing Paraphrasing is when you are expressing the ideas of the author s in your own words.
Beginning of a sentence Ahmadjian noted that there has been disagreement over the influence of Japanese business groups on the economy. End of a sentence The City of Melbourne's population increased by A guide to the styles recommended by Monash schools and departments for students and researchers Read how to cite and reference theses/dissertations using the Harvard style.
References - entry that appears at the end of your paper. Information on citing and some examples were drawn from the AGPS manual (6th ed. Harvard referencing guide - PDF version. Guide to Preparing Reference Lists in the Harvard Style.
3 February The Harvard Style, also known as the author-date system, is a style of citing and referencing published material when writing and preparing documents.
A content note generally contains useful information and explanations that do not fit into the primary text itself. Content notes may be given as footnotes or endnotes or even a combination of both footnotes and endnotes.
Such content notes may themselves contain a style of parenthetical referencing. JEL Classification Codes Guide. The guide provides JEL Code application guidelines, keywords, and examples of items within each classification.
The Harvard System: Referencing PhD Theses, dissertations or Student Projects Within a bibliography or list of references, the reader needs to know: AUTHOR'S SURNAME, AUTHOR'S INITIALS.