Subprime mortgage crisis The s were the decade of subprime borrowers; no longer was this a segment left to fringe lenders. The relaxing of credit lending standards by investment banks and commercial banks drove this about-face. Subprime did not become magically less risky; Wall Street just accepted this higher risk.
An analysis of the health status of the United Arab Emirates: Sharif and Yusra El-Obaid Background: The United Arab Emirates UAE is a rapidly developing country composed of a multinational population with varying educational backgrounds, religious beliefs, and cultural practices, which pose a challenge for population-based public health strategies.
A number of public health issues significantly contribute to morbidity and mortality in the UAE. This article summarises the findings of a panel of medical and public health specialists from UAE University and various government health agencies commissioned to report on the health status of the UAE population.
A systematic literature search was conducted to retrieve peer-reviewed articles on health in the UAE, and unpublished data were provided by government health authorities and local hospitals. The major public health challenges posed by certain personal e.
Future research should focus on population-based public health interventions that target the factors associated with the development of various chronic diseases.
Since the discovery of oil, the UAE has experienced significant economic and industrial growth, particularly in the petroleum, aviation, maritime, construction, and health care industries 2. In addition, the UAE has an The massive economic giant united arab emirates manufacturing base with aluminium, steel, iron, and textiles contributing significantly to exports.
Population growth and demographics of the UAE Population growth is the product of natural growth births minus deaths and growth from net migration 3.
Migrant workers are recruited from all over the world to satisfy the manpower demands of the fast-paced economic and industrial developments in the UAE 4.
Consequently, the UAE population has increased substantially over the past four decades, and this is primarily due to the high net inward migration of expatriate workers population estimates: As a result of expatriate workforce recruitment for industrial projects, males outnumber females 3: Among non-nationals, the ratio of males to females is 3.
Principally, there is an apparent distribution of migrant workers by nationality; construction workers and manual labourers tend to be from the Indian subcontinent; middle managers and health care workers from the Philippines, India, and neighbouring Arab countries; and senior management and consultants from the UAE, Europe, North America, and Australasia.
As such, the UAE is composed of a multinational population, with varying educational backgrounds, religious beliefs, and cultural practices, which pose a challenge for populationbased public health strategies. The primary aim of this article was to utilise secondary data from existing peerreviewed journal publications and reports of government agencies and related health organisations to comment on the key public health issues in the UAE.
Methods Materials and methods The following method was used to obtain secondary data from existing peerreviewed journal articles and reports of government agencies and related health organisations: Literature search strategy A systematic literature search was conducted to retrieve peerreviewed scientific and medical journal articles on health in the UAE.
Health Authority Abu Dhabi were contacted for annual statistics and data. Sources of unpublished data included personal communication with senior health officers at the Health Authorities of Dubai and Abu Dhabi, the UAE Ministry of Health, publications produced by local hospitals e.
Eligibility criteria Eligible studies included only empirical research papers that were relevant to the health status of the UAE.
The systematic literature search yielded a total of citations and abstracts. Table 1 summarises the findings from the literature retrieval. Data extraction and synthesis Phase one of data extraction and synthesis DEaS entailed one investigator who was not blinded to authors, institutions, or journals reviewing and evaluating the titles and abstracts of retrieved articles.
Abstracts that did not provide enough information about whether the publication contained suitable and relevant information about the health status of the UAE were retrieved for full text evaluation.
Phase two of DEaS involved collating the research articles into 20 specific health topics presented in Table 1. Phase three of DEaS required a panel of medical and public health specialists from the College of Medicine and Health Sciences, UAE University and government health agencies to convene and review the evidence for the 20 specific health topics and select the four priority public health areas for the UAE.
This phase employed an iterative and inductive process, which involved the panel reviewing, discussing, and re-reviewing the evidence for each health topic until consensus was reached on the four most important public health issues for the UAE. Phase four of DEaS used a review and rank exercise, which involved the panel evaluating the available evidence for each of the four public health areas and ranking them in order of priority 1-highest priority.
The four selected public health priority areas were: A decline in birth rates has been attributed to urbanisation, changing attitudes about family size, and improved education and work opportunities for women resulting in delayed marriage. Life expectancy in the UAE continues to improve slowly, and the most recent estimates from report 77 and 79 years for males and females, respectively 8 Communicable diseases in the UAE In view of the high inward migration of expatriate workers and transient influx of tourists from all over the wosrld, infectious diseases remain an important area for public health in the UAE.
However, communicable diseases were not included in the top four public health priority areas, as the UAE is considered a highincome country based on global economic indicators that is deemed to have passed through the epidemiologic transition 3.
As such, the burden of infectious and parasitic diseases in the UAE is low due to improvements in the standard of living and both the quality and availability of health care services. To prevent the re-emergence or outbreaks of infectious disease, the UAE has invested significant resources into population-based control measures, such as immunisation, surveillance, and the availability of post-exposure treatment where possible.
One major public health achievement in the UAE is the success rate of the national immunisation program for children under the age of 5 years. Due to the high uptake of immunisation, the rates of childhood communicable diseases in the UAE are very low.
In addition, all expatriate workers seeking employment in the UAE are screened for communicable diseases, such as tuberculosis by chest X-ray and human immunodeficiency virus by serologybefore acquiring residence status. Additional screening for other communicable diseases is required for certain occupational categories, such as healthcare workers, cooks, house maids, and drivers.
Public health priority area 1:The financial crisis of –, also known as the global financial crisis and the financial crisis, is considered by many economists to have been the worst financial crisis since the Great Depression of the s..
It began in with a crisis in the subprime mortgage market in the United States, and developed into a full-blown international banking crisis with the collapse of the. The United Arab Emirates is the 25th largest export economy in the world. In , the United Arab Emirates exported $B and imported $B, resulting in a negative trade balance of $B.
In the GDP of the United Arab Emirates was $B and its GDP per capita was $k. The economy of the United Arab Emirates is the second largest in the Arab world (after Saudi Arabia), with a gross domestic product (GDP) of $ billion (AED trillion) in The Emirates have been successfully diversifying its leslutinsduphoenix.comcy: United Arab Emirates dirham.
The United Arab Emirates (UAE) is a country composed of seven emirates (Abu Dhabi, Ajman, Dubai, Fujairah, Ras Al Khaimah, Sharjah, and Umm Al-Quwain), formed in , and is located in the southeast of the Arabian Peninsula(1). United Arab Emirates Economic Outlook.
September 4, The non-oil economy appears to have accelerated somewhat in the second quarter, as suggested by the average PMI reading over April-to-June.
Envisioning the United Nations in the Twenty-first Century Proceedings of the Inaugural Symposium on the United Nations System in the Twenty-first Century.